Toyota Motor Corporation was founded in September 1933 as the car division of Toyota Automatic Weaving Factory. The cars division were then separated from the main company on August 27, 1937 to be the Toyota Motor Corporation until today.
Toyota is the world's largest car manufacturer in the unit and net sales. This Japan's largest manufacturer produces 8 to 8.5 million vehicles worldwide every year.
Toyota was founded by Sakichi Toyoda, who started from a textile industry (Marimutu Sinivasan, the founder of Texmaco, big businessmen textiles in Indonesia, tried to imitate it by developing automotive sector branded PERKASA).
Compared with other automotive industries that use the name of its founder as a trademark, such as Honda, founded by Soichiro Honda, Daimler-Benz (Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz), Ford (Henry Ford), Toyoda name not be used as a brand. Due to depart from a simple idea and vision that time, the mention of Toyoda less pleasant and not so familiarly known then modified to be Toyota.
From then the patents of his automatic textile machinery sold to Platt Brothers & Co., Ltd., an English company. What he have got from selling his patent, he made it as an investment on developing his automotive division. Starting in 1933, when Toyoda build the division of automotive, the team then much controlled by his son Kiichiro Toyoda, producing endless leading innovations in that time. Engine Type A was completed in 1934. A year later the first prototype of this machine assembled to their passenger car products , A1. Toyoda automotive division also produces truck model G1.
In 1936 they launched their first passenger car, Toyoda AA (at that time was still using the name Toyoda). This model was developed from the prototype model A1 and equipped with body and engine A. This vehicle is from the beginning expected to be a people's car. The concept of Toyota's products that continuing until today.
Kiichiro Toyoda spirit of innovation has never dimmed. Toyota then developed into a powerful vehicle producer. In the era of the 1940s, Toyota worked hard in developing the investment, including to listing the company on the Tokyo, Osaka and Nagoya Stock Exchange.
When World War II ended, the 1950s is an era for Toyota to proof them as a tough and multipurpose vehicle producer. At that time Jeep was so familiar in Japan. Inspired by this type of car, Toyota then developed a prototype of Land Cruiser and it released in 1950. A year later Toyota officially launched early model of Land Cruiser namely BJ.
Toyota is not only known through the Toyota Land Cruiser. They also developed a model that became the world's favorite, a small sedan. Through the Toyota Corolla that made its debut in 1966, these first-generation small sedan using rear engine that changed trend of big sedan heading toward a small, economical and compact sedan. In 1975, the Corolla launched into the third generation and has sold more than 5 million units. The amazing thing that is still sustained today. Corolla engine is then used in Indonesia as an engine for a multipurpose family vehicles, "Toyota Kijang" first generation, and known as "Kijang Buaya".
In the 1990s, Toyota strengthen the proof that Japanese cars can compete with European and American cars. Toyota Celica succeed to become a world rally champion, and the Toyota Camry became the best-selling car in America.